For many centuries art makes an integral part of our lives. Every image a photographer takes express his/her perception, feelings, emotions and mood. It is important to catch the special moment showing the photographer’s inner vision, according to which the photo could be manipulated.
For centuries the images have been manipulated by their authors who found new styles and experimented with colors and shapes to achieve perfection. Andre Berlinghiero’s works represent absence of the shadows (Madonna and Child), which creates an illusion of a flat image. Leonardo da Vinci’s skillful usage of light and dark colors that make shadow is shown in the portrait La Belle Ferronniere. The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo is a vivid example of professional usage of muted colors. Vincent van Gogh focused his attention on two colors instead of palette (Night Café in Arleis). In Turner’s pictures we can find greased lines (The Evening before the Deluge) with one color flowing into another one. The manipulation can also be found in Henri Matisse’s (Two Girls in a Yellow and Red Interior) and Andre Derain’s (Mountains in Collioure) works, which express the right form and wrong color. Picasso’s mood reveals itself in many of his works with dark colors prevailing (La Celestina, Self Portrait of Pablo Picasso). Andy Warhol reflected his sensations in showing the same photo in different colors (Marilyn Prints). Cindy Sherman chose bright light and high contrasted color (Untitled#132, Untitled#138). In Mona Hatoum’s work Light at the End we can find a realistic image rendered through color shifting. Jim Lambie utilized varying bright colors in his work Touch Zobop. . Trying to reproduce non-material things, Jegori Korski uses consequent repetition of forms and colors in his works.
Bright and full colors draw attention of a viewer. One or two bright shades give the image showiness. Black-and-white colors express the emotions and personal impressions. Black and white picture discovers the essence of things, focusing one’s attention on the most important and interesting aspects.
When a photographer takes a picture, he/she evaluates it. If everything is perfect and it is exactly what the photographer wanted, there is no need to retouch it. But if the picture needs any changes, it should be manipulated. So, the manipulation occurs after the picture was taken, not earlier.
One may not notice any difference between an image taken with usage of film and that created via digital technology. Lightning and design rules for photography stay the same for both film and digital images. However, modern photographers, both professionals and amateurs, give their preferences to digital technology, which determines technical and other peculiarities of creating digital image. The advantages of the digital photography consist in providing great opportunities of controlling the quality of images. Combining the experience of the filmed photography and digital technology gives not only successful stimulation, but also helps to find a brand new creative decision.
To distinguish manipulated image it is necessary to pay attention to its brightness, contrast, color tone, saturation, etc. A manipulated image seems to be perfect or unreal (distorted). But sometimes an image may seem to be fabricated, but in fact it is not. In this case it means that photographer caught that special moment and reproduced his/her inner vision. For our own experience we need to have certain knowledge, desire and our inner vision as for the image.
An image should often be manipulated in order to be represented in a certain way. Professionals find new ways and experiment with the colors, shapes, contrasts, etc., thus embodying their ideas in a masterpiece. Nowadays people choose the digital technologies; nevertheless, the photography skills stay a privilege.
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