Fresco by Michelangelo Buonarroti "The Last Judgment" size 1370 x 1220 cm is the largest paintings of Michelangelo during the Second quarter of the 16th century. On it imprinted about 400 figures in various, never recurring poses. The artist worked on the largest fresco of the Renaissance alone without aides. A huge mural is on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican. Creating of «The Last Judgment" and took more than five years - more than the arch the Sistine Chapel painting. The fresco striking by its monumental and scope. Thanks to the mastery of the artist, each piece seems three-dimensional, as if it is not written, but sculpts. Story plot of such extensive compositions quite meet with the power of knowledge and the courage of imagination, wealth of lines and contours, light and shadow effects.
"The Last Judgment" - is primarily a colossal world drama. Only the mighty genius can convey the horror of global catastrophe in one episode, by a few individual stories. Corruption of morals, perversity and cynicism, softness and perfidy venality and frivolity - all this causes moral degradation and requires redemption violated divine law. With love in heart and with anger on lips Michelangelo refers here to the world of.
The whole world of variety movements shows the sincere impulse. All kinds of feelings, passion, and movement of thought, hope, despair, jealousy, anger, fear, pain and moral fall find their place next to the tender emotion, joy and admiration.
According to the emotional tone on the fresco appears the decision of how to put the colors: the ashy tones cover the nudes shaded by blue-steel thunder clouds.
The topic of "Judgment" Michelangelo differs from a traditional one: chosen the beginning time of trial. The main literary source for the master was "the Gospel of Matthew" and the various motifs back to other sources - from the "Vision of Ezekiel" to the "Divine Comedy" by Dante.
The unusual decisions in composing retain important traditional elements of iconography. The space is divided into two basic plans: heavenly - with Christ the Judge, Mother of God and the saints, and the earth - with scenes of the resurrection of the dead, and dividing them into saints and sinners.
Angels overturn the cross, a symbol of martyrdom and humiliation on the left of Christ, and plunged the column, a symbol of passing earthly power on the right.
Seven Angels proclaim the hour of judgment, saved souls rises, tomb opened, the dead are raised, the skeletons rise from the ground, and the man pulled down by devil, in the horror covers his face with his hands.
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Charon, the carrier through a hellish river fiercely expelled from his boat to hell paddle strokes convicts eternal torment in the bottom of the mural. Devils in joyous ecstasy draggers naked bodies of proudest, heretics, traitors. Michelangelo lived in seclusion all the years spent in work on this picture. Despite the patronage of the Pope, misunderstanding, jealousy and anger pursued the artist. There were a lot of critics have declared the creation of Michelangelo's obscene. When Pope Paul IV offered him the lead fresco "in order", that means "shameful to cover the shameful parts " Master said, "Tell your father that this trifling matter ... Let him bring order in the world because I can quickly to bring order in the painting. " However the Council of Trent decided to hide the nakedness by draperies.
Michelangelo's fame has surpassed all expectations. Pilgrims flocked from all Italy and even abroad, immediately after the consecration of the fresco "The Last Judgment" in the Sistine Chapel.
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