Interests groups are groups of people, which are organized within society with the aim to influence public policies. These groups are comprised of people who have similar ideas and intentions. They may be loosely or tightly organized and do not intend to elected. The research asserts that there are a great amount of them in the U.S. political system. People from certain interest groups have common interests, ideas and goals. As a rule, politicians give significant attention to these groups.
According to the research, special interest groups are created with the aim to run a successful election. It is worth noting that interests groups are used by politicians and they do not serve the interests of the ordinary American people. There are two types of interest groups, they are: institutional and membership. Many interest groups are rather active in the U.S. political system because of federalism and separation of powers (Sisung, 1999). The available information asserts that the USA has more interests groups than any other country in the world. Religious interest groups as well as any others are involved in the American politics. Though the church is separated from the state, they take an active part in lobbying. These groups are powerful and numerous. For example, the Christian Coalition, which is supported by the Conservative Protestants, has power in the Republican Party. This coalition gives its support for opposition to homosexual rights, school prayer, and anti-abortion movement. The research asserts that the Christian Coalition appeals to the public with the aim to ensure them that they have a right to effect political, social, and cultural changes in their communities (Harding, 2000). One of the main roles of this coalition is to strengthen family values.
Therefore, the main aim of different interest groups is lobbying in order to shape legislation in the country. Their role is rather important in the process of decision-making.
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