People with mental illnesses usually encounter several treatment systems, which may have their own strengths and weaknesses. Many scholars consider that there are no common causes to mental illnesses. Nevertheless, different clinical approaches may be used during treatment, such as biological model, humanistic theory, behaviorism, integrative approach and psychoanalytic theory.
The biological model of mental illness is observed from the perspective of the imbalance of chemicals in the brains, certain infections, brain injuries or defects and early damage. Behavioral approach to mental illness was explained by Skinner as consequences that occurred previously in a patient’s life. The integrative approach is supposed to use a selective combination of treatment techniques in mental disorders. The psychoanalytic theory is associated with S. Freud and his statement of unconscious thoughts or feelings.
A humanistic approach towards mental illness makes most sense to me. The research asserts that humanists view abnormal behavior of a person’s failure to drive towards self-actualization, to find meaning in life, one’s greatest dreams and potentials. Two major theorists of this approach are Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. According to Carl Rogers’ theory, mental illness develops when circumstances hinder or stop a person to get drive in his/her life. Thus, a person starts to behave according to the goals and values of others rather than in accordance with his/her own goals. Many scholars consider a humanistic approach as a way of healing mind, body and soul. Though, others view humanism as a way to live. My own approach to humanism allows me to believe that people are free to choose their own behavior where such issues like self-esteem, self-fulfillment and needs are of paramount importance. Personal development is the greatest force to find meaning in life and fulfill potential in the profession one is pursuing.
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