Fujiwara clan was one of the most powerful families in history. During Heian Period (794-1185) this household had an enormous political influence. It`s contribute to the development of Japan was so great, that the next three centuries was called Fujiwara era.
This family was founded in VII by the leader of the clan Nakatomi-no Kamatari. According to Louis Frederic, in 669 Emperor Tendzi, as a reward, gave to the organizer of the Taika Reform new name – Fujiwara (201). Fujiwara Esifusa firstly became an official regent during the Emperor Seiwa reign in 850-881 years. Taiho code was drawn by the committee, headed by Fujiwara in 701 (Sansom, 115). In 966-1028 Fujiwara clan had the greatest power. Mitinaga ruled the empire for over thirty years. He became the father of four and grandfather of three empresses and emperors.
After the death of Fujiwara-no Mitinaga influence of this household began to weaken, especially in provinces. Young and bold feudal warriors started to fight with Fujiwara clan for the land. In 1156 Hogan war took place in Japan and power was seized by the young but powerful military house Tyra.
In 1160, combined forces of the Fujiwara and Minamoto families were defeated. It was the end of political power of an ancient family. In general, Fujiwara family could protect small families, that owned lands, which give them power and authority in the governing of certain regions and, as a result, in Japan.
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