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1.      Introduction

The United States keeps diplomatic coherence with other nations as well as creates and sustains connections with a number of global groups. It is composed of over 250 diplomatic and consular sections globally: the nation’s objective aspect- that involves embassies, consulates among other sections; and delegations and activities to global groupings.

2.      Chapter 1

The Department of State is the fore US foreign matters agency. It fosters the goals of the nation and welfares in modeling an autonomous, safe and successful realm by articulating, demonstrating and applying the nation’s foreign policy. The Secretary of State is the main advisor the president on foreign matters and is in charge for representing the US on foreign matters.

This department is composed of a number of agencies: the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), the Agency for International Development (USAID) and US Information Agency (USIA) which are managed by the Secretary of State.

The Department of State undertakes its duties in foreign posts; its base in US among others. Its staff locally and in other countries involves political nominees, civil servants and foreign staff. Moreover, in standing for the US in foreign nations, this department is the main issuer of information applied by it in forming laws (DOSFAN, 1995). Data acquired as well as a deeper assessment of politics, economic aspects and social matters applied in foreign nations is accorded to 60 agencies with regard to security and commercial aspects among others.

2.1.     The Structure

The Department of State is led by the Secretary with the help of a deputy Secretary, five secretaries and 19 assistant secretaries. There are also the Chief of Staff and Executive Secretariat who works with the help of the Secretary and his assistant. There are a number of offices that are managed by aides and main consultants to the secretary in assistance of the Department on vital matters.

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The Department’s below the Secretaries function as the main bench of main consultants to the Secretary. The supervise the undertakings of a number of what the department sections does which are managed with the backing of policy making, administration and application processes; the secretaries are ones in the varied agencies of the department.  The assistants to the secretaries operate the department’s regional, operational and administration aspects; a number of the sections are composed of a number of offices managed by directors (NYS Bar Association, 2007). The next stage involves additional decision making involving the assistant secretaries while the secretaries below look into a wide range of policy supervising of vital matters and their duties as the guarantors on policy matters.

2.1.1.      Units connected to the Office of Secretary

The Operation Center, which is a part of the secretariat, is charged with briefing the department on matters and manages the response of the department. It additionally accords communication backing to the department. The policy planning employee is charged with advancing vital political and economic guidelines, the Resources, Plans and Policy manage the creation of formulation with planning processes, and the chief protocol guides the top executive (president and vice president among others). 

2.1.2.      Units outside the Office of the Secretary

These offices are not part of the secretary but report to it; the Permanent Representative that stands in for the US in UN matters- it models the US guidelines for policy creation and application so as to so make the UN workable. The Bureau of Public Affairs works with the US citizens in foreign matters; it undertakes press briefings and interviews, come up with speeches for the secretary, advance relations between the nation and its locals. The Bureau of Legislative Affairs acts as the connection with the department, it undertakes vital duties in promoting the legislative issues in other nations. The Bureau of Intelligence and Research offers intelligence and assessment of matters to the department making sure that the policy upholds the foreign guidelines and security issues as well as managing intelligence which helps the US’s diplomatic activities (Think quest, 2000).  The Inspector General assesses and looks into the processes of the department, he makes his reporting to the secretary and lastly there is the legal advisor who guides the department of legal matters based on foreign matters.

3. Chapter 2

The Department of state also known as the state department is the nation’s federal administrative department that is charged with global associations of the US, the same to foreign ministries to nations. The department of State was formed in 1789 and was the first of other executive departments.

The Department is based in the Harry Truman Building. It manages the diplomatic interactions of America with other nations and is charged with applying the US’ policy and its diplomatic strategies (Burke, and Patterson, 1977). It is managed by the Secretary of State who is chosen by the President and accredited by the senate and becomes a part of the Cabinet.

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3.1. The Emergence of Department of State

The US constitution accorded the president the duties of undertaking the country’s foreign associations. It became vivid that an executive department was vital in upholding the president in undertaking the matters of the federal control. The Department of Foreign Affairs was formed in 1789 and was made law in the same year hence becoming the first Federal agency formed using the new constitution. This is still the elementary law of the Department of State. In 1789 with a ratification of the law altered the agency to be known as the Department of State and allocated it to a number of local assignments.

The Department of State had its duties involve organization of the Mint. The President, Washington put pen to paper the legislation in September 15 where a number of the duties of these department was changed to a number of emerging federal departments and agencies. He later chose Thomas Jefferson in the same year to be the first secretary; however a year later he came back reluctantly from France where he was representing the US (Plischke,1999). Another department of state was created below the Secretary in New York where it was later shifted to Philadelphia and lastly Washington D.C. in 1800.

In the initial 35 years, the Department of State was managed by popular leaders like Jefferson, James Madison, Quincy Adams and James Monroe. Their work as the secretary of state proved to be a ground to move onto the presidency.  There was no time in the past that the US that connections with other nations would be vital for the presence of a country and the comfort of its occupants. The department of the state had changed its efforts from the old world. The department developed with several staff by 1825.

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By 1825, at the time John Quincy had departed from the department to be the president, the country had undergone a growth in industry and population, it lacked the click of global associations of the prior years (Slany, 1996). It looked more into the organization of the widening US relations and spreading American aspects to the world. There arose a number of issues like Britain and Canada border issues as well as Mexico. The Congress altered the functions of the Department and allocated them to other departments. The Secretaries to the State would go on to be part of the cabinet; leadership under Andrew Jackson and James Buchanan came up with vital decisions.

3.2. Department comes of Age

In control of William Henry, the Department of State was vital in the Civil War, its duties would be used to do away with the South up to the time the Union troops would be used to in the rivalry. It developed in size and made stronger at the time the Civil War was ongoing. It was able to acquire the model and resources vital in carrying out its duties. US diplomats played a vital role in other nations like William Rock Hill and Charles Denby. Though 15 years after founding the department was faced with a number of crises it was able to stop crisis like brought about peace I Europe and Asia.

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