The Second World War became a fail of classical colonialism. It gave an impulse for many captive nations to declare their independence. They got an opportunity to conduct their own state policy and use their natural resources .It turned out that it constituted a menace to U.S. national interests. This period of history became the beginning of neocolonialism era. The special place in the policy of neo-colonialism took the export of state capital, carried out under the guise of so-called aid for developing countries. In fact, the concept of aid incompatible with the nature of imperialism, an immutable law of which have been and remain the enslavement, exploitation and destruction of the weak nations. It also aimed to get profit by plundering the economically backward countries. Today we can hear many debates of politologists about the of foreign policy the U.S.A. and what does democratization goal really mean. The history of the creation of the United States based on strong willing to live in democratic society. However, what democracy means for U.S. government nowadays? Does the democracy spreading really consolidate U.S. national security and establish peace in the world? It seems that is nothing in democratization but only the conducting of neocolonialism and imperialism policy. ” Shortly after 9/11, President George W. Bush declared that the best hope for peace and security in the Middle East lay in the expansion of democracy and freedom there” (Bellin, 2008) Thus, the beginning of operation in Iraq, was a priority movement of George W. Bush’s administration. It had two justifications for war: the first based on the suspicion of Saddam Hussein’s possession of the weapon of mass destruction; second justification based upon connection between Al Qaeda organization and government of Iraq. However, the first suspicion was rebuttal in 2005, when specialists of Iraq Survey Group made a conclusion that Iraq did not had the weapon of mass destruction. The second issue was over even before the beginning of the war, because American experts on terrorism could not allow any exhibition of connection between Al Qaeda and Saddam’s regime.
According to Waas,s (2005):
One of the more intriguing things that Bush was told during the briefing was that the few credible reports of contacts between Iraq and Al Qaeda involved attempts by Saddam Hussein to monitor the terrorist group. In fact, Saddam viewed Al Qaeda as well as other theocratic radical Islamist organizations as a potential threat to his secular regime.
Reasoning from these facts, only one cause to begin war in 2003 was the aim of United States to spread democracy into Iraq. By the plan, democratization of Iraq should be a starting point for spreading of democracy to other Middle East countries: Iran, Syria and Saudi Arabia. In 2001, the United States started the operation against Talibs in Afghanistan. The Enduring Freedom was the answer to the 9/11 and it became one of the longest American wars. Its main goals were the getting Osama Bin Laden and liquidation of Taliban regime. The conflict is continuing but it already has serious consequences. In accordance with United Nations information, after U.S. incursion in 2001, the part of Afghanistan’s opium in the world opium production rises to 93%. The biggest part (about 80 %) produced in areas controlled by NATO. To opinion of many specialists, the reason of opium production uprising is the loyal position of NATO to the native population who grows opium. In past, opium growing in Afghanistan was punishable and controlled by Taliban regime. U.S.government interested in natural resources of Middle East countries, mostly because of their oil potential. There are also rich natural resources in Afghanistan. These diggings discovered not so far. Industrial potential of Afghanistan represented by such metals: copper, iron, cobalt and gold. Special place in U.S. specter of interests designated for veins of lithium. This metal used much in completing of notebooks and mobile phones. In view of these discoveries, U.S. government strongly believes that Afghanistan has all chances to become a center of modern industry.
Kurth’s (2005) work found the following:
The U.S. democratization project in Iraq and the Muslim world fits into a long chain of U.S. efforts that reaches back to the beginning of the twentieth century. Some of these efforts were successful, and some were not. Together they form a pattern that can tell us something about the prospects for the democratization efforts now underway in Iraq ( p.306).
According to all above mentioned, the goal of spreading democracy can be interpreted as neocolonialism. It became evident that establishment of U.S. national security is closely connected with aspiration of government to wangle nature resources and spread its influence to strategic areas.
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