A good research should be feasible and logical. A good research must be feasible in terms of time, topic, place, costs, skills, access and ensure availability of crucial information. Rubin & Babbie (2009) noted that common issues in determining the feasibility of a research are its scope, the time it will require, its fiscal costs, ethical considerations and the cooperation it will require from others. If there is lack of cooperation needed to conduct the research then it may not work for the researcher. According to Rubin & Babbie (2009), one of the most difficult problems that confront researchers is how to make a study feasible without making research area narrow that it is no longer worth investigating or without sacrificing too much methodological rigor or inferential capacity.
The second element of a good research is it must be logical. This implies that research should be guided by the rules of logical reasoning and the logical process of induction and deduction which are of great value in carrying out research. Kothari (2004) noted that induction is the process of reasoning from a part to the whole whereas deduction is the process of reasoning from some premise to a conclusion which follows from that very premise. Logical reasoning makes research more meaningful in the context of decision making.
Why these Elements are Important to the Quality of Research
The logical and feasible characteristics of a research allow the researcher to identify whether they are primarily concerned with description, process or causation. David & Sutton (2011) indicated that a good research is always a balancing act hence one needs to be relevant to what has gone before and at the same time show that the research being carried out will add something new. The feasible research is doable. Feasibility ensures that questions of principle, concerning relevance to social problems, policy and academic development, come first (David & Sutton, 2011).
A feasible research ensures that the scope is well defined preventing problems from arising when an investigator attempts to accomplish too much. It ensures that the scope is narrowed and focuses only on the most important goals (Hulley, Cummings & Browner, 2011). Feasibility ensures careful planning which on the other hand produces estimates that are optimistic. Feasibility revolves around expending the inclusion criteria, eliminating unnecessary exclusion criteria, lengthening the time frame for enrolling subjects, acquiring additional sources of subjects and developing more precise measurement approaches for the research (Hulley, Cummings & Browner, 2011).
The logically structured research ensures that the research concepts are translated into variables that are both internally homogeneous and externally discrete. A logical research also ensures that the study is carefully planned to yield results that are as objective as possible (Kothari, 2004). In a research inductive reasoning helps an individual to develop generalizations from specific observations. On the other hand, deductive reasoning ensures that specific predictions are developed from general principles. A logical research starts with theory from which hypotheses are derived (Rubin & Babbie, 2009).
In conclusion, the feasible and logical characteristics of a research ensure that the research is relevant. A good way to ensure that a research is feasibly and logically relevant is to focus on the various outcomes that are likely to occur and consider how each possibility might advance scientific knowledge, influence practice guidelines and policy or guide further research. The research area must reflect the research statement.
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